Los problemas probatorios de la injusticia testimonial en el derecho

Autores/as

  • Andrés Páez Universidad de los Andes
  • Migdalia Arcila-Valenzuela Cornell University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5347/isonomia.59/2023.653

Palabras clave:

Parcialidad judicial subjetiva, injusticia testimonial, sesgos implícitos, medidas implícitas, credibilidad de testigos

Resumen

Una de las formas más comunes y menos estudiadas de parcialidad judicial subjetiva es la disminución de la credibilidad otorgada a un testigo debido a un prejuicio identitario implícito del agente judicial. En la epistemología social, este fenómeno ha sido estudiado bajo la rúbrica de la injusticia testimonial. En este ensayo mostramos que para determinar la ocurrencia de un caso de injusticia testimonial en el derecho se deben cumplir tres condiciones que son imposibles de verificar empíricamente y que están basadas en presupuestos psicológicos que han sido puestos en duda en años recientes. Sin la posibilidad de verificar estas condiciones, estamos frente a un tipo de parcialidad judicial indetectable. En su lugar, ofrecemos una nueva forma de entender la injusticia testimonial en el derecho como un fenómeno más general que describe una tendencia comportamental prejuiciosa recurrente por parte de un agente judicial. Entendida de este modo, la injusticia testimonial es completamente verificable.

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Publicado

2023-12-30

Cómo citar

Páez, A., & Arcila-Valenzuela, M. (2023). Los problemas probatorios de la injusticia testimonial en el derecho. Isonomía - Revista De teoría Y filosofía Del Derecho, (59). https://doi.org/10.5347/isonomia.59/2023.653

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