Rethinking Responsibility in a Planetary Age; or, Facing the Anthropocene with Hans Jonas and Bruno Latour

Autores/as

  • Rodrigo Chacón ITAM

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5347/isonomia.59/2023.656

Palabras clave:

Hans Jonas, Bruno Latour, responsabilidad, justicia, cambio climático, Antropoceno

Resumen

Repensar la responsabilidad en una era planetaria; o, enfrentar al Antropoceno con Hans Jonas y Bruno Latour

Este artículo sostiene que la llegada del Antropoceno requiere un cambio en el significado y alcance de la responsabilidad. Con base en Hans Jonas y Bruno Latour, sostengo que la responsabilidad es una característica definitoria de la humanidad que, no obstante, está acechada por su opuesto. Si ser responsable es primariamente ser receptivo a lo Otro, entonces la cultura de ‘responsabilidad personal’ que prevalece hoy en día es una traición tanto a la humanidad como a la Tierra. Cuando Jonas formuló tales ideas en 1979, el ‘sistema tierra’ no era ni un campo de estudio científico ni una cuestión de preocupación existencial. Pocos académicos lo tomaron en serio. Sin embargo, desarrollos recientes en el pensamiento científico, legal y ambiental han validado su visión. Para probar esta hipótesis, retomo a Latour, quien fue un cuidadoso lector–y crítico–de Jonas. Ambos pensadores consideraron que la creencia modernista de que solo los humanos son fuentes de reclamos morales válidos es un error que debe ser corregido. A medida que la Tierra hoy ‘reacciona’ a nuestras intervenciones con fenómenos climáticos extremos y enfermedades zoonóticas, su mensaje resuena en círculos cada vez mayores. El Antropoceno trastoca una era en la que solo algunos humanos tenían permitido hablar. Ahora debemos enseñarnos a escuchar y responder a otros seres vivos y a generaciones futuras. Sostengo que esta capacidad es el corazón de regímenes emergentes de responsabilidad planetaria.

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Publicado

2024-01-12

Cómo citar

Chacón, R. (2024). Rethinking Responsibility in a Planetary Age; or, Facing the Anthropocene with Hans Jonas and Bruno Latour. Isonomía - Revista De teoría Y filosofía Del Derecho, (59). https://doi.org/10.5347/isonomia.59/2023.656

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Sección

El principio de responsibilidad de Hans Jonas frente al cambio ambiental